As we are all working on medicinal plants and natural products, we are faced with the fair sharing of benefits from the bioprospecting of medicinal plants, which is regulated in the Nagoya Protocol of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (see: Efferth et al., Biopiracy of natural products and good bioprospecting practice. Phytomedicine. 2016 Feb 15;23(2):166-73. doi: 10.1016/j.phymed.2015.12.006). The unfair use of traditional knowledge and genetic resources has been termed “Biopiracy”.
Biopiracy is a hot topic discussed in the humanities, and we as bioscientists have a lot in common to discuss with our colleagues.